From Pandemic to Impoverishment -2-

In the first article, we examined the impoverishment caused by the pandemic in developing and poor countries. In this article, I would like to talk about the impoverishment caused by the pandemic in the individual and social spheres.

aaa.Worldwide impoverishment is accelerating day by day. As the population continues to grow steadily, energy and food resources are running out. On the other hand, environmental and natural disasters, diseases, and epidemics affect the middle class and especially the lower class. The cause of impoverishment is not always what we don't have. Contrary, sometimes we may have, but international ambitions, investments, global greed, policies of domination, colonialism, wealth plundering, dictatorship, and military regimes that impoverish peoples can be the causes of impoverishment and even poverty. According to the United Nations, the fact that millions of people are living in poverty is a moral scandal. Poverty is not only an economic problem but also a multidimensional phenomenon that includes lack of income and the basic skills required to live with dignity.

aaa. Poverty has been already a big problem in the world that humanity had to solve, but this problem continues to increase with the effect of the pandemic. The middle class, which has grown in 30 years, has declined for the first time with the pandemic. 150 million people went down to lower-income groups in 2020, most of them in developing countries. Worldwide, the middle class melted 90 million. Ford's withdrawal from Brazil due to "no middle class to buy cars"; an Indian engineer could not buy a $ 6,000 vehicle because he lost his job in the pandemic despite saving for ten years; in Latin America, which is known as the homeland of meat, while meat consumption is rapidly decreasing, chicken and especially egg consumption is increasing rapidly; and having a home for millions of people in many countries of the world has become a dream... These are just a few of the examples that reveal the human dimension of this middle-class meltdown.

aaa. The short-term economic impact of the coronavirus caused a contraction in household income and consumption. The global poverty rate is likely to rise for the first time since 1990. The epidemic has exposed the fragility of the global food system. Border closures, trade restrictions, isolation measures, preventing farmers from accessing markets to sell their produce; broke the local and international food supply chain and restricted access to healthy, safe, and diverse food systems. According to a statement made by international organizations working in the field of poverty, the coronavirus epidemic also endangered livelihoods. These organizations also stated that almost half of the 3.3 billion people global workforce are threatened with losing their livelihoods. Particularly those who work 'illegally'. The majority of them are deprived of access to social protection and health services. For most day-to-day workers, no income means no food. According to World Bank reports, poverty rates are expected to rise for the first time since 1998, as the global economy plunges into recession, and will witness a sharp decline in per capita GDP worldwide.



Recent reports show that by 2030, two-thirds of the world's extremely poor could be living in countries with fragile and conflict-affected economies. This makes clear that targets to reduce global poverty and impoverishment will not be met unless intensive action is taken.


Sources

1. worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/10/07/covid-19-to-add-as-many-as-150-million-extreme-poor-by-2021

2. bmj.com/content/372/bmj.n376

3. cbpp.org/research/poverty-and-inequality/tracking-the-covid-19-recessions-effects-on-food-housing-and

4. feature.undp.org/covid-and-poverty/

5. indyturk.com